Three varieties of mesquite trees are endemic to Arizona: honey, screwbean and velvet. The bean trees produce pods that can be collected and ground into a flour that can easily be added to all your favorite recipes for a special desert taste, connecting us to this place that we call home. Mesquite flour is gluten-free and naturally sweet, so you can add it to your various gluten-free desserts with ease. Mesquite flour is high in fiber and low on the glycemic index, providing long-lasting, sustainable energy. Find your favorite recipe and substitute some portion of the flour with mesquite flour. Because mesquite flour is sweet, you can also reduce the amount of sugar or sweetener in your recipe. Try out a desert version of one of my favorite snacks below. The original recipe called for 1.5 cups of flour and 3/4 cups of sugar. For this version, I substituted half of the all-purpose flour with mesquite flour and reduced the amount of sugar to 1/2 cup. The result? A delicious, mesquitey take on a tried and true favorite. Let us know what you come up with as well. Please feel free to post your recipes in the comments. For more information about mesquite go to www.desertharvesters.org and bring your pods to the annual mesquite milling at the Santa Cruz River Farmer’s Market on June 22nd from 4-7 pm in Tucson, AZ. More information here. Happy baking!
Mesquite Fig Newtons
Adapted from Megan Scott’s recipe in The Joy Kitchen
Makes about thirty 2-inch cookiesFor the cookie dough::
- 3/4 cup all-purpose flour
- 3/4 cup mesquite flour
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
- 1/4 teaspoon kosher salt
- 10 tablespoons (1 1/4 sticks) butter, softened
- 2/3 cups brown sugar
- 1 large egg
- 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
For the fig filling::
- 1 pound dried figs, cut into small pieces
- 1/2 cup water
- Whisk the flours, baking powder, and salt together in a mixing bowl. Set aside.
- Beat the butter and brown sugar in a large bowl (or the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment) until light and fluffy, about 3 to 5 minutes.
- Add the egg and vanilla, beat until combined.
- Stir the flour mixture into the butter mixture until well blended. The dough will be very soft. Scoop it out onto a piece of plastic wrap, shape into a disc, and refrigerate for at least 4 hours or overnight.
- Meanwhile, make the filling. Combine the figs and water in a medium saucepan. Bring the water to a boil, cover, and allow the water to boil until the figs have absorbed it. If your figs are very dry and tough, you may need to use more water and simmer longer to get the figs to soften.
- Transfer the figs to a food processor and pulse, scraping down the bowl occasionally, until the mixture is completely smooth. Allow the filling to cool.
- Preheat the oven to 325 degrees F. Place a large piece of parchment on your work surface and flour it liberally. The dough is very soft. Divide the chilled dough into 4 pieces. Place one piece of dough on the parchment and return the others to the refrigerator.
- Shape the piece of dough into a rectangle by squaring it on the work surface (tap the 4 sides on the surface until they form a rectangle). Roll the dough, stopping frequently to make sure it isn’t sticking to the parchment, into a long rectangle, about 4 inches wide by 12 inches long. Be vigilant about lifting up the dough and reflouring it to prevent sticking. This will make life easier as you go.
- Scoop the fig filling into a pastry bag or a plastic zip-top bag with one corner cut off. Pipe the filling in a 1-inch strip down the center of the dough rectangle. You may need to flatten the filling a bit — it’s easier to do this if you dip your fingers into some water first. Fold one side of the dough over the filling, then the other. Press down on the seam to close it. Using the parchment, flip the cookie roll over, seam-side down. Brush any excess flour off the parchment and transfer it gingerly to a baking sheet and refrigerate while you repeat this step with the other 3 pieces of dough.
- Bake for about 16 minutes or until the dough is no longer tacky and has begun to brown around the edges.
- While the cookie rolls are still warm, either transfer them to a cutting board (a large spatula helps) or cut them directly on the baking sheet. Cut into 1 1/2- to 2-inch cookies. You may need to wipe off your knife every so often — the filling is rather sticky at this point.
- Immediately place the cookies in a single layer inside a plastic zip-top bag and close the bag. This seems counterintuitive, but in order to keep the cookies soft, like the real thing, they need to steam. Cool the cookies completely. Remove them from the bags and place in an airtight container. They can be kept, at room temperature, for up to 2 weeks.